Clinical Reference Systems: Pediatric Advisor 10.0
Well Child Care at 2 Years
Family meals are important for your child. Letting your
child eat with you makes her feel like part of the family.
Don't make mealtime a battle. Let your child feed herself.
Your toddler will continue to improve using the spoon, with
fewer and fewer spills. It is good to let your child help
choose what foods to eat. Be sure to give her only
nutritious foods to choose from. Now is the time to switch
from whole milk to 2% milk.
It is very important for your child to be completely off a
bottle. Ask your doctor for help if she is still using one.
Development and Discipline
At this age, children often say "no" or refuse to do what
you want them to do. This normal phase of development
involves testing the rules that parents make. Parents need
to be consistent in following through with reasonable rules.
Your rules should not be too strict or too lenient. Enforce
the rules fairly every time. Be gentle but firm with your
child even when the child wants to break a rule. Many
parents find this age difficult, so ask your doctor for
advice on managing behavior.
Here are some good methods for helping children learn about
rules and to keep them safe:
- Child-proof the home. Go through every room in your
house and remove anything that is either valuable,
dangerous, or messy. Preventive child-proofing will stop
many possible discipline problems. Don't expect a child
not to get into things just because you say no.
- Divert and substitute. If a child is playing with
something you don't want him to have, replace it with
another object or toy that he enjoys. This approach
avoids a fight and does not place children in a situation
where they'll say "no."
- Teach and lead. Have as few rules as necessary and
enforce them. These rules should be rules important for
the child's safety. If a rule is broken, after a short
and clear explanation, punish immediately by having the
child sit alone for 2 minutes. It is very important that
punishment come immediately after a rule is broken.
- Be consistent with discipline. Don't make threats that
you cannot carry out. If you say you're going to do it,
Some children at this age are showing signs that they are
ready for toilet training. When your child starts reporting
wet or soiled diapers to you, this is a sign that your child
prefers to be dry. Praise your child for telling you.
Toddlers are naturally curious about other people using the
bathroom. If your child seems curious, let him go to the
bathroom with you. Buy a potty chair and leave it in a room
in which your child usually plays. It is important not to
put too many demands on the child or shame the child about
toilet training. When your child does use the toilet, let
him know how proud you are.
Spend time teaching your child how to play. Encourage
imaginative play and sharing of toys, but don't be surprised
that 2-year-olds usually do not want to share toys with
anyone else. If you are going to allow television viewing,
watch children's shows with your child.
Mild stuttering is common at this age. It usually goes away
on its own by the age of 4 years. Do not hurry your child's
speech. Ask your doctor about speech problems if you are
worried about them.
For more information see:
Normal Development: 2 Years
Toilet Training Basics
Prevent Fires and Burns
- Practice your fire escape plan.
- Check your smoke detectors. Replace the batteries if
- Check food temperatures carefully. They should not be
- Don't smoke near children.
- Keep hot appliances and cords out of reach.
- Keep all electrical appliances out of the bathroom.
- Keep matches and lighters out of reach.
- Don't allow your child to use the stove, microwave, hot
curlers, or iron.
- Turn your water heater down to 120 degrees F (50
- Use an approved toddler car seat correctly.
- Sometimes toddlers may not want to be placed in car
seats. Gently but consistently put your child into the
car seat every time you ride in the car.
- Give the child a toy to play with once in the seat.
- Parents wear seat belts.
- Never leave your child alone in car.
- Hold onto your child when you are near traffic.
- Provide a play area where balls and riding toys cannot
roll into the street.
- Continuously watch your child around any water.
- Teach your child not to climb on furniture or cabinets.
- Lock doors to dangerous areas like the basement.
A once-a-year check-up is recommended. Before starting
school your child will need more vaccinations.